The Oliver Typewriter

Carriages

An ingenious feature of all downstrike Olivers (excluding the No. 1) is the removable carriage. By pressing the escapement and right margin releases, the carriage can slide off the left side of the machine without the use of tools. Removing the carriage allows for easy cleaning, maintenance, and swapping carriages of different sizes. If the serial numbers on the carriage and the frame match, the carriage is original to the machine. Because all carriages from models 2 through 16 are mechanically interchangeable, Olivers are occasionally found today with carriages from a different machine or different model altogether.

Regular/Short Carriages

The regular short carriage length is 9" on models 7/8 and earlier and 10” on models 9/10 and later.

Carriage Length
Max. Paper Width
Max. Line Width
9"
8⅞"
10"
9⅝"
8"

Long Carriages

The Oliver could be purchased with a short carriage, a long carriage, or one of each. Because of the latter option, some Olivers have two carriages of different lengths with matching serial numbers. Below are the long carriage sizes that were available.

Carriage Length
Max. Paper Width
Max. Line Width
12"
12⅛"
10½"
15"
14⅝"
13¼"
18"
18"
16½"

Extra-long Carriages

Some Oliver pamphlets indicate extra-long carriages could be supplied to order. The example sizes listed are 21", 24", and 30". However, the only known surviving extra-long carriage length is 30".

Oliver 3 Models
Price List from "Oliver No. 3 Models" pamphlet, page 24

Oliver 3 Models
New Schedule of Prices from the back
insert of an Oliver No. 9 pamphlet

Letter Designations

The carriages of later Oliver No. 15 machines were labelled with letters to designate their lengths. A, B, C, and D carriages are 10", 12", 15", and 18", respectively.


Oliver No. 15 (Crinkle)
S/N CL8665
B (12") Carriage
Oliver No. 15

Oliver No. 15 (Crinkle)
S/N CS15326
C (15") Carriage
Oliver No. 15
Oliver No. 12
S/N 1021181
12" Carriage
Oliver No. 12

Oliver No. 3
S/N 90119
15" Carriage
Oliver No. 3

Remodelled (No. 9, Later)
S/N RM10642
15" Carriage
Remodelled Oliver

Oliver No. 11
S/N B1025192
15" Carriage
Oliver No. 11

Oliver No. 5
S/N 280651
18" Carriage
Oliver No. 5
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