Navigation
The Oliver Typewriter The Oliver Typewriter
No. 1 No. 2 No. 3 No. 5 No. 7 No. 9 No. 11
No. 4 No. 6 No. 8 No. 10 No. 12 No. 16
No. 15 (Gen. I) No. 16 Four Bank No. 20 No. 15 (Gen. II) No. 21 Remodelled
Fortuna / S.I.M. Patria Courier Eaton's Simpson's Consort M-Series
No. 3 (L) No. 5 (L) No. 6 (L) No. 7 (L) No. L-10 No. L-12 No. L-13 Revilo No. 5 Revilo No. 9
Courier Jacobi Jwic
Monopol-Stolzenberg No. 2 Monopol-Stolzenberg No. 3 Stolzenberg No. 3 Stolzenberg No. 4
Canadian No. 2 Canadian No. 3 Woodstock
Way-billing Four Bank Prototype
Serial Numbers

Nearly all downstrike Olivers display the serial number in two primary locations - on the frame and on the carriage. (The exceptions are the Oliver No. 1, Woodstock, and Remodelled Oliver which do not have a number on the carriage.) These serial numbers always matched coming out of the factory. Both the carriage and frame were stamped with the serial number because the carriages are easily removable. If an Oliver is found with mismatching serial numbers, the carriage originally went to a different machine. Oliver Nos. 3, 4, 5, and 6 also have the number on the underside of the right type tower, a rod on the underside of the machine, and stamped on the backside of a plaque under the machine near the spacebar. The number on the plaque becomes visible when the plate is removed.

Under carriage
Back of carriage
All downstrike Olivers except Nos. 5 & 6
All downstrike models except Oliver No. 1, Woodstock, and Remodelled Oliver
Under the carriage Back of carriage
Left side of frame
Under spacebar
Oliver Nos. 5 & 6
Courier / Jacobi / Jwic
Left side of frame Under the spacebar

Navigation
STANDARD OLIVERS
SERIAL NO.
DATE
Navigation
PROTOTYPE MADE FROM TIN CAN STRIPS AND RUBBER
OCT 30, 1894
PATENT NO. 450,107 (NOT DOWNSTRIKE DESIGN, SIMILAR TO HAMMOND MECHANISM) FILED
DEC 3, 1894
PATENT NO. 450,107 (NOT DOWNSTRIKE DESIGN, SIMILAR TO HAMMOND MECHANISM) GRANTED
JUL 9, 1895
PATENT NO. 528,484 (NO. 1 WITH RECTANGULAR BASE) FILED
AUG 21, 1895
NO. 1 INTRODUCED
001
AUG 1, 1893
EARLIEST KNOWN NO. 1 ADVERTISEMENT
SEP 1893
PATENT NO. 542,275 (NO. 1 DESIGN) FILED
SEP 19, 1893
PATENT NO. 528,484 (OLIVER NO. 1 WITH RECTANGULAR BASE) GRANTED
OCT 30, 1894
CANADIAN PATENT NO. 49,711 (NO. 1 DESIGN) FILED
DEC 3, 1894
PATENT NO. 542,275 (NO. 1 DESIGN) GRANTED
JUL 9, 1895
CANADIAN PATENT NO. 49,711 (NO. 1 DESIGN) GRANTED
AUG 21, 1895
EARLIEST KNOWN OLIVER NO. 1
284
OCT 30, 1894 AND JUL 9, 1895 PATENTS SHOWN, 284 PROBABLY ALSO SHOWS THESE
288
LATEST KNOWN OLIVER NO. 1
400
PATENT NO. 562337 (NO. 1 DESIGN) FILED
MAR 2, 1896
PATENT NO. 562337 (NO. 1 DESIGN) GRANTED
JUN 16, 1896
LAST OLIVER NO. 1 PRODUCED
500?
DEC 1896?
Navigation
NO. 2 / MONOPOL-STOLZENBERG NO. 2 INTRODUCED
5001
DEC 1896?
EARLIEST KNOWN NO. 2
5050
JUN 16, 1896 PATENT SHOWN (5050 PROBABLY ALSO SHOWS THIS)
5315
OPTIONAL GREEN FINISH INTRODUCED
1897?
EARLIEST KNOWN GREEN FINISH
5476
LATEST KNOWN CLOSED-O LOGO
7187
SIDE PANELS CHANGED TO OPEN-O LOGO
8001
EARLIEST KNOWN OPEN-O LOGO
8787
MAR 1, 1898
MAR 1, 1898 PATENT ADDED (RIBBON COVERS WITH ROUND HOLES)
1898
APR 7, 1891 PATENT ADDED, LATER SHIFT MECHANISM
15085
RIBBON COVER HOLES CHANGED FROM ROUND TO LONG, PLASTIC KEY COMB CHANGED TO METAL, NO CUT OUT ON BASE, KEY ATTACHMENTS THICKENED, LATER BACK
16001
16019
20806
"NO. 2" ADDED TO PAPER TABLE
25816
ONLY KNOWN MONOPOL-STOLZENBERG NO. 2
25939
LAST NO. 2 PRODUCED
35000
1901
Navigation
NO. 3 / MONOPOL-STOLZENBERG NO. 3 / STOLZENBERG NO. 3 INTRODUCED
35001
1901
EARLIEST KNOWN MONOPOL-STOLZENBERG NO. 3
36215
1901
LATEST KNOWN MONOPOL-STOLZENBERG NO. 3
55756
EARLIEST KNOWN STOLZENBERG NO. 3
89705
"OLIVER" TRADEMARKED IN MEXICO
MAY 15, 1905
EARLIEST KNOWN LATIN AMERICAN OLIVER
146518
162732
NOV? 1906
LAST NO. 3 PRODUCED
183000
MAR 1907
Navigation
NO. 5 / REVILO NO. 5 INTRODUCED
183001
MAR 1907
LATEST KNOWN WITH EARLIER BELL CLAP
187671
BELL CLAP REDESIGNED
202692
FRICTION-FIT PENCIL CARRIER CHANGED TO SIMPLE, TABULATOR ADDED
212001
1910
RIBBON REVERSE AND PATENT DATE PLAQUES CHANGED
245001
1911?
EARLIEST KNOWN REVILO NO. 5, LATEST KNOWN NO. 5 WITHOUT BACKSPACER
275198
BACKSPACER ADDED
280001
1912
EARLIEST KNOWN BACKSPACER
280651
EARLIEST KNOWN PRINTYPE
385314
TYPE GUARDS CHANGED FROM BRASS TO STEEL
386001?
387704
SHIFTING MECHANISM REDESIGNED
388001?
389421
LAST NO. 5 PRODUCED
494000
1914
Navigation
NO. 7 INTRODUCED
494001
1914
LAST NO. 7 PRODUCED
551000
1915
Navigation
NO. 9 / NO. L-10 / REVILO NO. 9 INTRODUCED
551001
1915
ONLY KNOWN REVILO NO. 9
554030
1916
EARLIEST KNOWN NO. L-10
585889
800000
1919
ONLY KNOWN GREEN FINISH L-10
837932
LATEST KNOWN OLD KEY COVER
873975
KEY COVER CHANGED
875001?
EARLIEST KNOWN NEW KEY COVER
877799
EARLIEST KNOWN ALTERNATE KEYBOARD (A PREFIX), ALSO HAS X SUFFIX
A900380X
ALTERNATE KEYBOARD (A PREFIX) AND X SUFFIX
A928771X
LATEST KNOWN ALTERNATE KEYBOARD (A PREFIX) AND X SUFFIX
A975283X
EVERY NO. 9 AFTER HAS ALTERNATE KEYBOARD (EXCLUDES NO. L-10 WITH SPANISH KEYBOARD)
A980001
EARLIEST KNOWN OF CONSECUTIVE ALTERNATE KEYBOARD SEQUENCE
A980455
LAST NO. 9 PRODUCED
1000000
1922
Navigation
NO. 11 / NO. 12 / NO. L-12 INTRODUCED
1000001
1922
EARLIEST KNOWN NO. L-12, EARLIEST KNOWN B PREFIX
B1003267
1922
1018000
1923
1020000
1924
EARLIEST KNOWN NO. 12
1021181
1924
1025000
1925
LATEST KNOWN NO. L-12
B1026139
LAST NO. L-12 PRODUCED
NO. L-13 INTRODUCED
EARLIEST KNOWN NO. L-13
1032141
1035000
1928
LATEST KNOWN NO. 11?
1049945?
1928
LAST NO. 11 PRODUCED
1050000?
1928

Navigation
EXPORT OLIVERS
SERIAL NO.
DATE
Navigation
NO. 4 INTRODUCED
D001
1904
EARLIEST KNOWN NO. 4
D159
"OLIVER" TRADEMARKED IN MEXICO
MAY 15, 1905
LATEST KNOWN NO. 4
D1602
LAST NO. 4 PRODUCED
BETWEEN D2423 AND D2444
MAR 1907
Navigation
NO. 6 INTRODUCED
BETWEEN D2423 AND D2444
MAR 1907
BELL CLAP REDESIGNED
EARLIEST KNOWN NO. 6
D2444
FRICTION-FIT PENCIL CARRIER CHANGED TO SIMPLE, TABULATOR ADDED
1910
LATEST KNOWN NO. 6 WITH OLD PLAQUES
D5038
RIBBON REVERSE AND PATENT DATE PLAQUES CHANGED
1911?
BACKSPACER ADDED
1912
EARLIEST KNOWN NO. 6 WITH NEW PLAQUES AND BACKSPACER
D7367
D13877
TYPE GUARDS CHANGED FROM BRASS TO STEEL
SHIFTING MECHANISM REDESIGNED
D14510
LATEST KNOWN NO. 6
D20511
LAST NO. 6 PRODUCED
1914
Navigation
NO. 8 INTRODUCED
D31001?
1914
EARLIEST KNOWN NO. 8
D31162
LATEST KNOWN NO. 8
D31445
LAST NO. 8 PRODUCED
1915
Navigation
NO. 10 INTRODUCED
R41001?
1915
EARLIEST KNOWN NO. 10
R41001
LATEST KNOWN NO. 10
R60724
LAST NO. 10 PRODUCED
1922
Navigation
NO. 11 / NO. 12 / NO. L-12 INTRODUCED
1000001
1922
EARLIEST KNOWN NO. L-12, EARLIEST KNOWN B PREFIX
B1003267
1922
1018000
1923
1020000
1924
EARLIEST KNOWN NO. 12
1021181
1924
1025000
1925
LATEST KNOWN NO. L-12
B1026139
LAST NO. L-12 PRODUCED
NO. L-13 INTRODUCED
EARLIEST KNOWN NO. L-13
1032141
1035000
1928
LATEST KNOWN NO. 11?
1049945?
1928
LAST NO. 11 PRODUCED
1050000?
1928
Navigation
NO. 15 (GENERATION I) / NO. 16 INTRODUCED
(LC/R)001
1928
EARLIEST KNOWN NO. 16
R1001
1928
LATEST KNOWN "LC" PREFIX
LC1252
LATEST KNOWN NO. 16
R1399
(LC/R)2000
1929
"LC" PREFIX CHANGED TO "L"
(L/R)3000
1930
EARLIEST KNOWN "L" (WITHOUT "C") PREFIX
L3169
LATEST KNOWN "L" (WITHOUT "C") PREFIX
L4258
(L/R)5000
1931
(L/R)6000
1932
CL6613?
LAST NO. 15 (GENERATION I) / NO. 16 PRODUCED
1933

Navigation
COURIER / JACOBI / JWIC
SERIAL NO.
DATE
Navigation
COURIER / JACOBI / JWIC INTRODUCED
11001
1911?
EARLIEST KNOWN OF ALL 3 NAME VARIATIONS, EARLIEST KNOWN JACOBI
11488
1911?
LATEST KNOWN MADE IN 1911
11934
1911?
1911?
12001
1912?
BACKSPACER ADDED
1912?
ONLY KNOWN JWIC, EARLIEST KNOWN OF ALL 3 NAME VARIATIONS WITH BACKSPACER
12337
1912?
LATEST KNOWN MADE IN 1912
12983
1912?
1912?
13001
1913?
LATEST KNOWN MADE IN 1913
13276
1913?
1913?
UPDATED VERSION INTRODUCED
14001
1914?
1914?
EARLIEST KNOWN UPDATED VERSION
14094
1914?
LATEST KNOWN MADE IN 1914
14940
1914?
15001
1915?
LATEST KNOWN MADE IN 1915
15124
1915?
1915?
16001
1916?
LATEST KNOWN MADE IN 1916
16923
1916?
1916?
17001
1917?
LATEST KNOWN MADE IN 1917
17746
1917?
1917?
18001
1918?
LATEST KNOWN MADE IN 1918
18332
1918?
1918?
19001
1919?
19970
1919?
20001
1920?
LATEST KNOWN OF ALL 3 NAME VARIATIONS, LATEST KNOWN JACOBI
20092
1920?
LAST COURIER / JACOBI / JWIC PRODUCED
1920?

Navigation
BRITISH OLIVERS
SERIAL NO.
DATE
Navigation
NO. 15 (GENERATION I) / NO. 16 INTRODUCED
(LC/R)001
1928
EARLIEST KNOWN NO. 16
R1001
1928
LATEST KNOWN "LC" PREFIX
LC1252
LATEST KNOWN NO. 16
R1399
(LC/R)2000
1929
"LC" PREFIX CHANGED TO "L"
(L/R)3000
1930
EARLIEST KNOWN "L" (WITHOUT "C") PREFIX
L3169
LATEST KNOWN "L" (WITHOUT "C") PREFIX
L4258
(L/R)5000
1931
(L/R)6000
1932
CL6613?
LAST NO. 15 (GENERATION I) / NO. 16 PRODUCED
1933
Navigation
FOUR BANK INTRODUCED
50001
1931
51000
1931
52000
1932
55300
1933
1934
LAST FOUR BANK PRODUCED
1935?
Navigation
NO. 20 INTRODUCED
350001
1935
1935
360001
1936
1936
370001
1937
1937
380001
1938
1938
390001
1939
1939
400001
1940
1940
410001
1941
1941
420001
1942
1942
430001
1943
1943
440001
1944
1944
450001
1945
1945
460001
1946
1946
470001
1947
478017
1947
1947
480001
1948
489766
1948
1948
490001
1949
4911400
1949
500001
1950
LAST NO. 20 PRODUCED
1950
Navigation
NO. 15 (GENERATION II) INTRODUCED
CA001?
1938?
CA458?
CL6947
CL8623
CO15105
CS15326
1938?
CS15608
1938?
CT19083
CT20000
1939
EA20001
1939
EA24750
1940
EB24751
1940
EB28350
1941
EC28351
1941
EC31350
1942
ED31351
1942
ED31800
1943
ED31801
1943
EE34050
1944
EE34150
1944
EF34151
1945
EF34259
1945
EG34260
1946
EG34389
1947
LAST NO. 15 (GENERATION II) PRODUCED
EH34390
1947
Navigation
NO. 21 INTRODUCED
921-0001
1949
921-9999
1949
021-0001
1950
021-9999
1950
121-10000
1951
121-11149
1951
221-11500
1952
221-15700
1952
321-15701
1953
321-17279
1953
421-17280
1954
421-18849
1954
521-18850
1955
521-20299
1955
621-20300
1956
621-21553
1956
721-21554
1957
721-22428
1957
821-22429
1958
821-23334
1958
921-23335
1959
LAST NO. 21 PRODUCED
921-23490
May 1959
Navigation
FIRST REMODELLED OLIVER
RM10001?
1928?
EARLIEST KNOWN REMODELLED OLIVER
RM10305
LATEST KNOWN REMODELLED OLIVER
RM10642
LAST REMODELLED OLIVER
1933

Navigation
PORTABLES
SERIAL NO.
DATE
Navigation
OLIVER FORTUNA / S.I.M. INTRODUCED
001?
1931
3793Z
80000
1932
84000
1933
86750
1934
89500
1935
91750
1936
94000
1937
96750
1938
99000
1939
101750
1940
104500
1941
107250
1942
110000
1943
112250
1944
115000
1945
120000
1946
122000
1947
185574
LAST OLIVER FORTUNA / S.I.M. PRODUCED
214071
Navigation
OLIVER PATRIA INTRODUCED
480001
1948
490001
1949
500001
1950
510001
1951
511947
1951
520001
1952
530001
1953
540001
1954
LAST OLIVER PATRIA PRODUCED
545000
1954
Navigation
OLIVER COURIER INTRODUCED
54-0001
1954
55-5001
1955
55-15112
1955
55-20000
1955
56-10000
1956
56-40000
1956
57-32800
1957
57-42839
1957
A1/47628
1957
A1/53819
1957
BB/53820
1958
BM/73386
1959
CC/73387
1958
LAST OLIVER COURIER PRODUCED
CG/79832
1958
Navigation
1952?
OLIVER CONSORT INTRODUCED
LAST OLIVER CONSORT PRODUCED
1957?
Navigation
OLIVER M-SERIES INTRODUCED
1957?
10748
LAST OLIVER M-SERIES PRODUCED
1959?

Navigation
CANADIAN OLIVERS
SERIAL NO.
DATE
Navigation
CANADIAN NO. 2 INTRODUCED
1896-1897?
ONLY KNOWN CANADIAN NO. 2
1232
1896-1897?
CANADIAN NO. 3 INTRODUCED
1901
EARLIEST KNOWN CANADIAN NO. 3
1946
LATEST KNOWN CANADIAN NO. 3
2536

Navigation
WOODSTOCK
SERIAL NO.
DATE
Navigation
WOODSTOCK INTRODUCED
1001
1898
ONLY KNOWN WOODSTOCK
1009
1898
LAST WOODSTOCK PRODUCED
1019
1898

Navigation

Sources
  1. Dingwerth, L. (2008). Kleines Lexikon Historischer Schreibmaschinen. Delbrück, Germany: Verlag Kunstgrafik Dingwerth GmbH.

  2. Sellers, A. (1994, December). The First Woodstock. ETCetera No. 29, 3.

  3. The Linotype Company. (1899, May). Battle of Detroit: An Impartial Account of the Fierce War Waged in the Board of Education By the Typewriter Trust Against the Oliver Typewriter, in the Year 1899. Montreal, Canada.

  4. Liste der Herstellungsdaten Gangbarer Schreibmaschinen, published by Wochenschrift für Papier, Otto Hoffmann. 1941, Verlag, Berlin.

  5. Liste der Herstellungsdaten Deutscher und Ausländischer Schreibmaschinen, 10 Auflage. 1955, Burghagen Verlag, Hamburg.

  6. Liste der Herstellungsdaten Deutscher und Ausländischer Schreibmaschinen mit Wichtigen Technischen Daten. Herbert F. W. Schramm. 11 Auflage, 1962, Burghagen Verlag, Hamburg.